Descendants of Sigride LANGMANN


     

Notes:

In modern Swedish, Folkung has two meanings, which appear to be opposites:
(1) The medieval "House of Bjelbo" in Sweden, which produced several Swedish statesmen and kings.
(2) A group of people (singular Folkunge, plural Folkungar), who were in political opposition to the same House of Bjelbo. This "political party" fought for the ancient right of free men to elect the kings in Sweden.
Until the 17th century, Folkunge was used only with the second meaning. However, many of these political opponents were also said to have been descendants of Jarl Folke the Fat (from the House of Bjelbo), who lived before the family became royal. Hence, in the 17th century, the whole family, then already extinct and without any established name, became known as the House of Folkung (Folkungaätten in Swedish).
Later research, though, showed that the political Folkungs were not just descendants of Jarl Folke—instead, they belonged to different Swedish noble families, united by the ambition to fight against a central ruler of Sweden. According to one theory, Folkungs wanted to keep the old "freedom" of the petty kingdoms, including the election of kings, and to retain local power in their own control. Many Folkungs came from the ancient provinces of Svealand, opposing the ruling families of the time that were mostly from Götaland. The first Folkung uprising in 1229 was successful, elevating Canute II to the throne. Later developments were less promising, and the centralized system eventually suppressed their resistance. (Wikipedia)

Sigride is most often mentioned by writers of history as Björnsdatter Lakman, but in at least one instance as Björnsdatter Lankman, and on her father's side she is the granddaughter of Harald Kesja, prince and later 'anti-king' of Denmark. Stolberg in his Geschichte der Religion mentions a (Vi)king named Lankmann who led a raid on Normandy in 1018 (see 'When a Langmann went Viking'), a man clearly of either Saxon or possibly Vendish heritage; and in the Icelandic Saga of Eric the Red is mentioned Tyrker, the 'German' fosterfather of Eric's. At a time when family names were still unknown in the Scandinavian countries, with men and women called only by their first names eventually augmented by a nickname and/or patronym, a last name, such as Lankmann (Langmann), was a rarity only carried by interlopers from south of the present day German-Danish border. There was frequent inter-marriage between the different tribes, the Angles, the Saxons, the Vends, the Jutes, the Danes, the Goths and the Swedes, and if we are to believe Saxo Grammaticus and subsequent historical chroniclers it is not inconceivable that German-born Vikings retained their family names and passed them on to their children and children's children. The branch of the old Danish royal family to which Sigride belonged thus could have called themselves Langmann since the beginning of the 11th century, or possibly earlier.

 
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