Join the LANGMANN DNA Project
Various spellings of the name include Langmann, Langemann, Langermann, Langman, Langeman, Langerman, Lankmann, Lanckmann, Langmannen, Langmannin, Langeramen, Langmans, Laangman, Longman, Longmann, Lengemann, Lengermann, Lingemann, Lingerman, Linkmann and Lungmann, but all are suspected of hailing back to the same roots.
Submit your pedigree to this site and have your DNA tested. What is DNA? What can it do? How are we all related?
At the present time we are comparing the DNA results of two lines, those of the Langmann and Langemann branches, and our study indicates a possible link to a common ancestor living in Nurnberg some 600 to 650 years ago. See the results
The first European
|'Eysvogel Fenster' in the northeast corner of the St.Sebald Kirche in Nurnberg||
INTRODUCTION: THE LANGMANN SURNAME
A very Brief Introduction to 1000 years of European History and in particular as it pertains to the Langmann Family
By Rudolf Langmann
During the 300 years which followed, the Langmanns became well-to-do burghers in Nurnberg, merchants and manufacturers, holding down the offices of senators and ministeriale. They married into other leading families, notably the Ebners, the Behaims, the Pfinzings and the Eysvogels. Besides being civic leaders they also became leaders in the church, and to the left is a picture of the 'Eysvogel/Fuerer Fenster', a painted window dating from about 1379 in the St.Sebaldus church that remains to this very day. This shows just above the window sill the Langmann coat-of-arms beneath and besides those of Christian and Sigmund 'den Ellter' Fuerer von Haimendorf, Eysvogel, Pfinzing and Ebner.
Then, in the mid-1300s, there was a great expansion towards the sparsely populated north, and the Langmenn who already had well-established trading outlets in the outermost corners of the empire and beyond, decided to pull up stakes. By this time the family had grown in size, and some went west and northwest to the Rhineland and the rapidly expanding cities of Muenster, Hamburg and even London, and to Bergen in Norway. Others, and among these my forefathers, decided to head northeast. Hans (or Johann) Langmann, who was born in Nurnberg in about 1280 went with the Deutsche Ritterschaft Order (Teutonic Knights) to Livland (Estonia) and from there reestablished himself as a Hanse merchant further south on the Baltic coast in the prospering city of Rostock. On a trip back north to Riga he fell ill and died, some time after the year 1357. His son, Heinrich Nicolaus de Langmann was by then already a very well off merchant in the free imperial city of Rostock, and in 1370 he resided at Muehlentor in Lubeck. Among his descendants were city officials, deans and teachers.
The family put down roots in Mecklenburg and Altmark where a great many of its members became educators and ministers of the church. They studied law, medicine and divinity at the universities in Rostock, Greifswald and Koenigsberg, and some went on to continue the profitable merchandising trade while a few became soldiers who fought in the frequent smaller feuds and wars that went through the land. Like their forebears in Nurnberg they were quick to adopt the new faith as it was presented by Martin Luther in 1517 when he nailed his 95 theses to the door of the castle church in Wittenberg.
A hundred years later, in 1618, two imperial governors along with their secretary were thrown out of the window of the castle in Prague, landing ignomously in a manure pile, and that was the beginning of the 30-year-war. Hired troops from every corner of the European continent and in particular from Protestant France, Denmark and Sweden clashed with the army of the Catholic emperor in Vienna, marching through the German states pillaging, raping and burning whole cities and towns to the ground, leaving nothing but devastation in their wake. Mecklenburg was particularly hard hit, as was the Rhineland by the French Landsknecht mercenary troops. A series of summer droughts and particularly harsh winters and several outbreaks of the bubonic plague also took their toll among those who managed to survive the hostilities. In Mecklenburg it is estimated that more than 50 percent of the population died. The greater part of neighboring Denmark was occupied by first Austrian and then Swedish troops and the population here suffered greatly, thereby severely impacting on business and trade in the Baltic region. The Grim Reaper danced through the lands making no distinction between rich and poor as can be seen in this 'Totentanz' (Dance Macabre) medieval painting (from St.Nicholas church in Tallinn):
Finally in 1648 the fighting came to an end with the signing of the peace treaty in Westphalia. Nothing much had been accomplished apart from the devastation of the greater part of Europe. Homeless and with barely enough to eat in order to stay alive the relatively few survivors slowly began the rebuilding process. Since there at this time were many more women than men left alive, it was decreed by the powers that be that polygamy be made not only legal but even be encouraged. A man could take up to 10 wives to himself, with the only proviso being that he 'treat them all well'. This law in many German states--and there were hundreds of these--remained in the law books for nearly 100 years. I do not, however, know of any Langmann who took 'advantage' of this piece of legislation. Amazingly, throughout the suffering of the many adversities of wars, hunger and disease our forefathers somehow managed to survive.
Following the Napoleonic wars and at the end of the 18th century and during the mid-1800s a great emigration from the European continent took place, and many Langmenn joined the hundreds of thousands of migrants who chose to opt for new beginnings in the 'new world' on the distant shores of the Atlantic. The American colonies had just broken away from the motherland and the United States was the favored destination of many impoverished people in Europe. Others chose to take their chances in South America, and members of the Langmann clan can still be found today in South Africa, Australia, Brazil, Argentina and Columbia as the descendants of immigrants from the late 19th century. Among those who did not cross the ocean, many moved to Poland, the Ukraine, Italy, France and the Netherlands. My great grandfather Rudolf went to Nanking in China where he established an import-export business trading with Hamburg before he finally settled down in Copenhagen. Since the early 1950s my branch of the family has made its home in and around Vancouver, British Columbia, but today there are many, probably thousands, of Langmenn living in many other parts of the world, speaking many languages, but all able to trace their early origin back to their common roots in Tuscany and Nurnberg.
If you are a Langmann, join Project Langmann today and discover your ancient roots!
WHAT IS GENEALOGICAL DNA?
It is a fairly new science, which, with the introduction of the Human Genome Project only eight years ago, enables the genealogist to reestablish long lost connections between people sharing a common family name or even carrying different names.
WHAT CAN DNA TESTING DO?
It can reunite families by establishing, without a doubt, long lost cousins and even members of the same clan who were previously unknown to each other, going back thousands of years.
RESULTS OF OUR FIRST DNA PROBE:
HOW ARE WE ALL RELATED?
TRADITIONAL GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH
Although more documentary evidence remains to be found, traditional genealogical research may never find all the connections between the various Langmann family groups. In addition, there are undoubtedly links that have been made in the past that are not correct. The availability of Y chromosome analysis now provides a new way to determine direct male to male lineage, and this is the basis of this project.
BACKGROUND OF GENETIC GENEALOGY (or Genetealogy)
There are two types of DNA tests available for genealogical testing: the Y-chromosome (Y-DNA) test and the mitochondrial (mtDNA) test. A direct female line can be traced by testing mitochondrial DNA. However, since we are presently mainly interested in tracing surnames, which are usually passed from father to son, the testing of the Y-chromosome DNA is what we are mostly interested in. For more information on DNA and Y-chromosome testing see DNA 101.
An analysis of the mutations in the Y-chromosome can also be used to estimate the "Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA)" in terms of number of generations since the separation occurred.
If your Langmann research has hit a “stone wall”, DNA analysis could be the breakthrough you have been looking for, to push your Langmann genealogy research back generations, by finding connections to other family lines.
Only the person providing a DNA sample and the Project Coordinator will know what his results are (unless they decide they would like to share that information - see Sharing Results below). All samples and identifying information will be received by one of the Project Coordinators and will be assigned an identifying number. This ID number will be the only identifying information anyone else sees, so no one other than the coordinator will know who participates in the study or which result is from which person. The portion of the DNA tested gives a distinctive "signature" for a lineage rather than for an individual, so there is no risk of this data being of any use to anyone for personal identity.
The basic test results help answer the following questions:
* How many different common male ancestors are associated with the Langmann surname? Or is there only one?
*How are your Langmann ancestors related to other families with the same or a similar surname?
*How are the different Langmann family lines related?
*Are all Langmenn from central Europe related, or are there many different families with the name Langmann?
*Can a connection between the Langmanns from Germany and the Langmans from Great Britain be made?
*Which Langmann researchers should be collaborating because they share a common ancestor?
Unfortunately traditional genealogical research does not provide the answers to all of these questions.
The Langmann DNA Project is a completely non-profit effort that will perform the Y-DNA test on men with the Langmann surname (including all variant spellings). We have selected GeneTree, one of the most prominent research firms in this field, for our "Y" chromosome DNA project. GeneTree is a Salt Lake, Utah based company founded strictly for performing genealogical DNA testing and analysis. As part of the GeneTree DNA Family Reconstruction Project Program we have obtained the following special prices for our project:
Y-DNA 33-marker test............................................. $149
Y-DNA 46-marker test............................................. $179
mt-DNA HVR 1,2,3 test........................................... $179
Combined mt-DNA & Y-DNA 46 marker test..........$299
If you join the Langmann DNA Project we willl provide you with a code that will give you $30 off on these prices when ordering from GeneTree.
You only have to pay:
Y-DNA 33-marker test............................................$119
Y-DNA 46-marker test............................................$149 (recommended)
mt-DNA HVR 1,2,3 test...........................................$149
Combined mt-DNA & Y-DNA 46 marker test......$269
You may, however, choose to go with any of the many laboratories that conduct tests for genealogical research.
You may also choose either a 25-Marker, 37-Marker, 46-Marker or 67-Marker test. The 37-Marker test uses the same markers as the 25-Marker test plus 12 others, the 46-Marker test the same as the 37-Marker plus 9 more, and the 67-Marker test uses the same markers as the 46-Marker test plus 21 others, so results will be compatible. If you want to upgrade from a 25-marker test to a 46-marker or 67-Marker test you can do this at a later date without having to resubmit your DNA, since it is stored by the laboratory and is available for additional tests. For more information on the 25-Marker, 37-Marker, 46-Marker and 67-Marker tests see DNA 101.
HOW TO PARTICIPATE
All Langmenn are encouraged to participate in the Langmann DNA Project. Male Langmenn may participate directly. Because females do not have the Y-chromosome they can only participate through a male Langmann relative (father, grandfather, brother, uncle, male cousin). Each male participant will provide a mouth swab sample to be analyzed by GeneTree or the testing laboratory of your choice. This sampling technique is painless and only involves the use of a swab or a mouthwash to collect a small amount of cells from the inside of a person's cheek. The participant administers the test in the privacy of his own home.
Each participant must send an Application and a Pedigree Chart to the Project Coordinator. Both can be filled in and submitted from this site. The Pedigree Chart should go back as far as possible on your male surname as has been documented, and include as many birth and death dates and maiden names for the spouses as possible. It is not necessary to include dates for the living persons, only for the deceased.
The Project Coordinator will submit the application to GeneTree which will mail a "DNA test kit" directly to each participant. The GeneTree DNA test kit consists of a small vial of mouth wash and a collection tube---designed for single person use. The kit also includes instructions for collecting your DNA sample and a release form allowing for the sharing of your group data results with others who exactly match. This release form is optional. For more information on GeneTree policy on confidentiality and releasing information see their website, http://www.genetree.com.
Each participant will collect his sample and return the kit to GeneTree DNA, along with payment to GeneTree DNA. Payment can be made by check or credit card.
Test results will be returned to the Project Coordinator as they are received by the testing laboratory. Each participant will also receive a certificate and report containing their personal test results. The staff at GeneTree or any testing facility will help you interpret the meaning of your test results or you can view DNA 101 for a layman's tutorial.
The Human Tree going back to Y-Eve and Y-Adam can be viewed at http://www.genetree.com/dna/education/mtchart.html and http://www.genetree.com/dna/education/ychart.html
WHO SHOULD COLLABORATE?
Which Langmann researchers should be collaborating because they share a common ancestor?
To answer this question you need to know who the participants are so you can collaborate with them. All participants are encouraged, but not required, to provide contact information so they and others can share information. After the information above is posted and participants have the opportunity to review their results compared to others, they will be asked to release contact information. They may agree to do so or decline. No contact information will be provided without a Written and Signed Release Form from the participant.
A FINAL WORD OF CAUTION
There is always a possibility that you could get disappointing test results. Samples that vary by three or more markers from the main group may do so for a number of reasons. One possibility is that they represent distinct lines either older or younger than the currently observed most frequent line. Another is that there has been a “non-paternal event” at an unknown past time. There are several possible types of non-paternal event in addition to a pregnancy gained outside of a marriage. For example, a child may be adopted and given the Langmann name; a man may take the Langmann name when he marries a Langmann daughter; a Langmann male may marry a pregnant woman whose husband has died; a couple where the wife is the Langmann may choose to give their children the Langmann name for various reasons; clerical error in recording administrative data may assign a Langmann name to the wrong person or write down the name using a different spelling, and so on.
It should be stressed that adoptions were quite common in every age (i.e.parents died by disease or war and a relative took in the children and raised them with their name; or young daughters had a child out of wedlock and the parents raised it as their own).
Some may not want to see a result indicating a “non-paternal event” but we are all today legal Langmenn and a small sample size could be misleading. One may get a DNA sequence which suggests a “non-paternal event” but they could still be of the original blood Langmann line. Let me explain. Twenty people are tested and 19 are very similar but the last is clearly different. It could turn out that the 19 descend from the same person 300 years ago and this other single person was an adopted Langmann of the original blood line going back 800 years.
The Langmann DNA Project is an independent, totally non-profit project undertaken by Project Langmann and Verbandes der Familie Langmann (1937) in collaboration with the ARLA Corp. and UrRoots.com . The Langmann DNA Project makes no promises or guarantees, implied or otherwise, as to the success of your DNA research.
Contact one of the Langmann DNA Project Coordinators, Rudy Langmann or Frank Macrander
|FAMILY PROJECT COORDINATORS|
6546 Countyline (264 Street)
Canada V4W 1P8
|Frank (Langemann) Macrander
1628 ML Hoorn,
If you want to learn more about the 'marriage' of DNA and genealogical research we can especially recommend two very informative and inexpensive books:
'Deep Ancestry within the Genographic Project' by Spencer Wells, published by National Geographic, and
'Trace Your Roots with DNA' by Megan Smolenyak and Ann Turner (Rodale & Holtzbrinck)
© January 1, 2009, Langmann.info
This site was designed and is maintained by the ARLA Corp. and last updated 1/1/2009; hosted by UrRoots.com
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Some people collect old postage stamps;
others collect paintings, books, antique furniture,
silverware, vintage cars, boats or airplanes,
and some simply gold or money.
Genealogists 'collect' ancestors.
Is there really much difference?