Venice

The Most Serene Republic of Venice was one of the leading European states of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. From the 8th century, Venice was an aristocratic republic ruled by an absolute but elected sovereign, the Doge. At its height the republic included not only Venezia but also much of Lombardy, Dalmatia, Albania, Macedonia and many of the Greek islands. Its independence was ended in 1797 by Napoleon Bonaparte.

Doges

Paolo Lucio Anafesto 697-717
Marcello Tegalliano 717-726
Orso Ipato 726-737. Assassinated
Brief Interregnum 737-742
Teodato Ipato 742-755. Deposed, blinded and exiled.
Galla Gaulo 755-756. Deposed, blinded and exiled.
Domenico Monegario 756--764. Deposed, blinded and exiled
Maurizio Galbaio 764-787
Giovanni Galbaio 787-804. Fled to Mantua with his family in 803
Obelerio Antenorio 804-811. Exiled but made an attempt to return to power. Killed and his head displayed in the market place.
Angelo Participazio 811-827. Forced into exile by his eldest son Giustiniano
Giustiniano Participazio 827-829
Giovanni I Participazio 829-837. Arrested and tonsured like a monk.
Pietro Tradonico 837-864. Assassinated. His successor arrested and executed the assassins.
Orzo I Participazio 864-881
Giovanni II Participazio 881-887. Abdicated.
Pietro I Candiano 887-888. Killed in battle while invading the Narentines.
Pietro Tribuno 888-912
Orso II Participazio 912-932
Pietro II Candiano 932-939
Pietro Participazio 939-942
Pietro III Candiano 942-959

Enrico Dandolo (1192-1205) preaching the Fourth Crusade

Pietro IV Candiano 959-976. People of Venice locked him, together with his son, in a palace while it burned.
Pietro I Orseolo 976-978. Resigned to become a Camaldolese monk in the abbey of Sant Miquel de Cuxa in the Pyrenees.

Renaissance Doge Leonardo Loredano 1501-1521
(Painting by Giovanni Bellini)

Vitale Candiano 978-979
Tribuno Memmo 979-991
Pietro II Orseolo 991-1009. Gave his wealth to the poor and retired to a monastery.
Otto Orseolo 1009-1026. Arrested, beard shaved, and banished to Constantinople for nepotism. Father to King Peter Urseolo of Hungary.
Pietro Barbolano 1026-1032. Forced to abdicate to allow for the reinstallation of Otto Orseolo.
Domenico Flabanico 1032-1043.
Domenico Contarini 1043-1071
Domenico Selvo 1071-1084. Deposed and sent to a monastery because of a naval defeat.
Vitale Faliero 1084-1096
Vitale I Michele 1096-1102
Ordelato Faliero 1102-1117
Domenico Michele 1117-1130
Pietro Polani 1130-1148
Domenico Morosini 1148-1156
Vitale II Michele 1156-1172
Sebastiano Ziani 1172-1178
Orio Mastropiero 1178-1192
Enrico Dandolo 1192-1205

Pietro Ziani 1205-1229
Jacopo Tiepolo 1229-1249
Marino Morosini 1249-1252
Reniero Zeno 1252-1268
Lorenzo Tiepolo 1268-1275
Jacopo Contarini 1275-1280
Giovanni Dandolo 1280-1289
Pietro Gradenigo 1289-1311
Marino Zorzi 1311-1312
Giovanni Soranzo 1312-1328
Francesco Dandolo 1328-1339
Bartolomeo Gradenigo 1339-1342
Andrea Dandolo 1342-1354
Marino Faliero 1354-1355. Convicted of treason,
executed and condemned to damnatio memoriae.
Giovanni Gradenigo 1355-1356
Giovanni Dolfin 1356-1361
Lorenzo Celsi 1361-1365
Marco Cornaro 1365-1367
Andrea Contarini 1367-1382
Michele Morosini 1382
Antonio Venier 1382-1400
Michele Steno 1400-1413
Tommaso Mocenigo 1413-1423
Francesco Foscari 1423-1457 Forced to abdicate
by the Council of Ten.
Pasquale Malipiero 1457-1462
Cristoforo Moro 1462-1466
Nicolo Tron 1466-1473
Nicolo Marcello 1473-1474
Pietro Mocenigo 1474-1476
Andrea Vendramin 1476-1478

The beheading of Marino Faliero in 1355

Giovannia Mocenigo 1478-1485. From a family which produced seven doges. He invited Charles VIII of France to intervene in the wars raging in Italy, thus contributing greatly to the disturbances that racked the peninsula in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Marco Barbarigo 1485-1486.
Agostino Barbarigo 1486-1501. He formed the League of Venice to try to expel the French from Italy.
Leonardo Loredano 1501-1521.
Antonio Grimani 1521-1523.
Andrea Gritti 1523-1539.
Pietro Lando 1539-1545.
Francesco Donato 1545-1553.
Marcantonio Trevisano 1553-1554..

Francesco Venier 1554-1556,
Lorenzo Priuli 1556-1559
Pietro Loredano 1567-1570.
Alviso Mocenigo I 1570-1577.
Sebastiano Venier 1577-1578. The commander of the Venetian fleet
at the battle of Lepanto in 1571,Venier should get most of the credit
for turning the tide on Turkish victory in the Mediterranean.
Nicolo da Ponte 1578-1585.
Pasquale Cicogna 1585-1595.
Marino Grimani 1595-1606.
Leonardo Donato 1607-1612.
Marcantonio Memo 1612-1615.
Giovanni Bembo 1615-1618.
Nicolo Dona 1618.
Antonio Priuli 1618-1623.
Francesco Centurioni 1623-1625.
Giovanni Cornari I 1625-1630.

The Republic of Venice was a major power in year 1000 and for several centuries to follow. (The city state is marked with green on the map).

Nicolo Centurioni 1630-1631.
Francesco Erizzo 1631-1646.
Francesco Molin 1646-1655.
Carlo Contarini 1655-1656.
Bertuccio Valier 1656-1658.
Giovanni Pesaro 1658-1659.
Domenico Contarini 1659-1675.
During his term, major losses in the Greek
islands, particularly Crete, were sustained.
Nicolo Sagredo 1675-1676.
Alviso Contarini 1676-1683.
Marcantonio Giustiniani 1683-1688.
Francesco Morosini 1688-1694.
The Decline
Silvestro Valier 1694-1700. He played a major role in the defeat of the Turks at Vienna and also took the Peloponnese. These were the last days of the glory of Venice, which then entered its final period of decline.
Alviso Mocenigo II 1700-1709.
Giovanni Cornari II 1709-1722.
Alviso Mocenigo III 1722-1732.
Carlo Ruzzini 1733-1734.
Alviso Pisani 1734-1741.
Pietro Grimani 1741-1752.
Francesco Loredano 1752-1762.
Marco Foscarini 1762-1763.
Alviso Mocenigo IV 1763-1779.
Paolo Renier 1779-1789.
Lodovico Manin 1789-1797, d.1802.
The Venetian republic was overrun by Napoleon Bonaparte during his Italian campaign of 1797 and although Manin and the Venetian senate offered reparation to France the 120th and last doge was deposed and the republic given to Austria.


The Maltese Order